A DMPTool is now available that can guide you through the creation of a Data Management Plan for NSF and other US funding agencies. The tool is customizable for your particular field and institution. Developed by the UC system, UC San Diego Libraries, DataONE, the Smithsonian Institution, and other organizations.
In January 2011, NSF began requiring that proposals include a supplementary document, two pages maximum, labeled “Data Management Plan” (DMP). The DMP should describe how you will disseminate and share research results over the course of the proposed project.
Go to the NSF policy and requirements page to see the relevant documents, including those specific to Directorates, Divisions, Programs, or other NSF units.
NSF’s agency-wide guidance for preparing a data management plan is very general. Applicants are asked to describe the types of data to be collected, standards to be used for data and metadata, policies for access and sharing (including protection of privacy), policies and provisions for reuse, and plans for archiving and preserving access to data.
Some individual directorates and programs within NSF have more specific guidelines. What is considered appropriate data management is left largely to individual disciplines via the peer review process and program management.
The primary mechanism to ensure post-award compliance appears to be the requirement that PIs and co-PIs describe the availability of research products in subsequent grant proposals.